H679: Rules of Civ Procedure/E-Filing and Service. Latest Version

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA

SESSION 2019

SESSION LAW 2020-46
HOUSE BILL 679

AN ACT TO AMEND THE RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE TO ALLOW FOR
ELECTRONIC FILING AND SERVICE.

The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:

SECTION 1. G.S. 1A-1, Rule 3(a) reads as rewritten:
"Rule 3. Commencement of action.
(a) A civil action is commenced byfilinga complaint with the court. The clerk shall enter
the date of filing on the original complaint, and such entry shall be prima facie evidence of the

date of filing.
A civil action may also be commenced by the issuance of a summons when
(1) A person makes application to the court stating the nature and purpose
of his action and requesting permission to file his complaint within 20
days and
(2) The court makes an order stating the nature and purpose of the action
and granting the requested permission.

The summons and the court's order shall be served in accordance with the provisions of Rule 4.
When the complaint is filed it shall be served in accordance with the provisions of Rule 4 or by
registered mail if the plaintiff so elects. If the complaint is not filed within the period specified
in the clerk's order, the action shall abate. If electronic filing is available in the county of filing,
attorneys shall file in accordance with Rule 5 of the General Rules of Practice for the Superior
and District Courts. If electronic filing is available in the county of filing, self-represented

litigants who are appropriately registered in the electronic filing system may file electronically
in accordance with Rule 5 of the General Rules of Practice for the Superior and District Courts."
SECTION 2. G.S. 1A-1, Rule 5 reads as rewritten:
"Rule 5. Service and filing of pleadings and other papers.
(a) Service of orders, subsequent pleadings, discovery papers, written motions, written
notices, and other similar papers – When required. – Every order required by its terms to be
served, every pleading subsequent to the original complaint unless the court otherwise orders

because of numerous defendants, every paper relating to discovery required to be served upon a
party unless the court otherwise orders, every written motion other than one which may be heard
ex parte, and everywritten notice, appearance, demand, offer of judgment and similar paper shall
be served upon each of the parties, but no service need be made on parties in default for failure
to appear except that pleadings asserting new or additional claims for relief against them shall be
served upon them in the manner provided for service of summons in Rule 4.
(a1) Service of briefs or memoranda in support or opposition of certain dispositive

motions. – In actions in superior court, everybrief or memorandum in support of or in opposition
to a motion to dismiss, a motion for judgment on the pleadings, a motion for summary judgment,
or any other motion seeking a final determination of the rights of the parties as to one or more of
the claims or parties in the action shall be served upon each of the parties at least two days before
the hearing on the motion. If the brief or memorandum is not served on the other parties at least
two days before the hearing on the motion, the court may continue the matter for a reasonable

*H679-v-7*period to allow the responding party to prepare a response, proceed with the matter without
considering the untimely served brief or memorandum, or take such other action as the ends of
justice require. The parties may, by consent, alter the period of time for service. For the purpose
of this two-day requirement only, service shall mean personal delivery, facsimile transmission,
electronic (e-mail) delivery, or other means such that the party actually receives the brief within
the required time.
(b) Service – How made. – A pleading setting forth a counterclaim or cross claim shall

be filed with the court and a copy thereof shall be served on the party against whom it is asserted
or on the party's attorney of record as provided by this subsection.
With respect to all pleadings subsequent to the original complaint and other papers required
orpermitted to beserved, serviceshall be made uponthe party's attorneyof record and,ifordered
by the court, also upon the party. If the party has no attorney of record, service shall be made
upon the party. With respect to such other pleadings and papers, service with due return may be
made in a manner provided for service and return of process in Rule 4. Service under this

subsection may also be made by one of the following methods:
Service is made under this subsection if performed through the court's electronic filing
system. When service through the court's electronic filing system is not available, or the party is
not registered to receive service through the court's electronic filingsystem, service maybe made
as follows:
(1) Upon a party's attorney of record:

a. By delivering a copy to the attorney. Delivery of a copy within this
sub-subdivision means handing it to the attorney, leaving it at the
attorney's office with a partner or employee, or sending it to the
attorney's office bya confirmed telefacsimile transmittal for receipt by
5:00 P.M. Eastern Time on a regular business day, as evidenced by a
telefacsimile receipt confirmation. If receipt of delivery by
telefacsimile is after 5:00 P.M., service will be deemed to have been

completed on the next business day. Service may also be made on the
attorneybyelectronicmail (e-mail)to an e-mail address of record with
the court in the case. Such e-mail must be sent by 5:00 P.M. Eastern
Time on a regular business day. If the e-mail is sent after 5:00 P.M., it
will be deemed to have been sent on the next business day.
b. By mailing a copy to the attorney's office.
c. In the manner provided in Rule 4 for service and return of process.

(2) Upon a party:
a. By delivering a copy to the party. Delivery of a copy within this
sub-subdivision means handing it to the party.
b. By mailing a copy to the party at the party's last known address or, if
no address is known, by filing it with the clerk of court.
c. Service may also be made on the party by electronic mail (e-mail) if

the party has consented to receive e-mail service in the case at a
particular e-mail address, and a copy of the consent is filed with the
court by any party. Such e-mail must be sent by 5:00 P.M. Eastern
Time on a regular business day. If the e-mail is sent after 5:00 P.M.
Eastern Time, it will be deemed to have been sent on the next business
day.
d. In the manner provided in Rule 4 for service and return of process.

Service by mail shall be complete upon deposit of the pleading or paper enclosed in a post-paid,
properly addressed wrapper in a post office or official depository under the exclusive care and
custody of the United States Postal Service.

Page 2 Session Law 2020-46 House Bill 679 (b1) Service – Certificate of Service. – A certificate of service shall accompany every
pleading and every paper required to be served on any party or nonparty to the litigation, except
with respect to pleadings and papers whose service is governed by Rule 4. The certificate shall
show the date and method of service or the date of acceptance of service and shall show the name
and service address of each person upon whom the paper has been served. If one or more persons
areserved byfacsimile transmission, transmissionorelectronicmail (e-mail),thecertificate shall
also show the telefacsimile number or e-mail address of each person so served. served in that

manner. Each certificate of service shall be signed in accordance with and subject to Rule 11 of
these rules. With respect to persons served through the court's electronic filing systems, an
automated certificate of service generated by that system satisfies the requirements of this rule.
(c) Service – Numerous defendants. – In any action in which there are unusually large
numbers of defendants, the court, upon motion or of its own initiative, may order that service of
the pleadings of the defendants and replies thereto need not be made as between the defendants
and that anycrossclaim, counterclaim, or matter constituting an avoidance or affirmative defense

contained therein shall be deemed to be denied or avoided by all other parties and that the filing
of any such pleading and service thereof upon the plaintiff constitutes due notice of it to the
parties. A copy of every such order shall be served upon the parties in such manner and form as
the court directs.
(d) Filing. – The following papers shall be filed with the court, either before service or
within five days after service:

(1) All pleadings, as defined by Rule 7(a) of these rules, subsequent to the
complaint, whether such pleadings are original or amended.
(2) Written motions and all notices of hearing.
(3) Any other application to the court for an order that may affect the rights of or
in any way commands any individual, business entity, governmental agency,
association, or partnership to act or to forego action of any kind.
(4) Notices of appearance.

(5) Any other paper required by rule or statute to be filed.
(6) Any other paper so ordered by the court.
(7) All orders issued by the court.
All other papers, regardless of whether these rules require them to be served upon a party,
should not be filed with the court unless (i) the filing is agreed to by all parties, or (ii) the papers
are submitted to the court in relation to a motion or other request for relief, or (iii) the filing is
permitted by another rule or statute. Briefs or memoranda provided to the court may not be filed

with the clerk of court unless ordered by the court. The party taking a deposition or obtaining
material through discovery is responsible for its preservation and delivery to the court if needed
or so ordered.
(e) (1) Filing with the court defined. – The filing of pleadings and other papers with
the court as required bythese rules shall be made byfiling them with the clerk
of the court, pursuant to the rules promulgated under G.S. 7A-109 or

subdivision (2) of this section, except that the judge may permit the papers to
be filed with him, the judge, in which event he the judge shall note thereon the
filing date and forthwith transmit them to the office of the clerk.
(2) Filing by electronic means. – If, pursuant to G.S. 7A-34, G.S. 7A-49.5, and
G.S. 7A-343, the Supreme Court and the Administrative Officer of the Courts
establish uniform rules, regulations, costs, procedures and specifications for
the filing of pleadings or other court papers by electronic means, filing may

be made by the electronic means when, in the manner, and to the extent
provided therein.If electronic filing is available in the county of filing, filing
shall be made in accordance with Rule 5 of the General Rules of Practice for
the Superior and District Courts.

House Bill 679 Session Law 2020-46 Page 3 (3) The failure to affix a date stamp or file stamp on any order or judgment filed
in a civil action, estate proceeding, or special proceeding shall not affect the
sufficiency, validity, or enforceability of the order or judgment if the clerk or
the court, after giving the parties adequate notice and opportunity to be heard,
enters the order or judgment nunc pro tunc to the date of filing."

SECTION 3. This act becomes effective October 1, 2020, and applies to filings and
service effected on or after that date.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 17 day of June, 2020.

s/ Philip E. Berger

President Pro Tempore of the Senate

s/ Tim Moore
Speaker of the House of Representatives

s/ Roy Cooper
Governor

th
Approved 9:57 a.m. this 26 day of June, 2020

Page 4 Session Law 2020-46 House Bill 679